Resources

Here you will find a range of documents, reports, and guides explaining more about beneficial ownership and our work in the field.

Additional resources

There are no additional resources which match your filters.

An introduction to trusts
Ramandeep Kaur Chhina · Jul 2021

This briefing aims to provide background information to the concept of trusts, and serves as a resource reference to develop an understanding of various types of trusts, their functions, and the roles of various parties of a trust. It highlights some of the legitimate and illegitimate uses of trusts, as well as the current practice in a variety of countries on the regulatory treatment of trusts. It is a background to the paper Beneficial ownership transparency of trusts for those who are new to the concept.

View in

English

Beneficial ownership disclosure workbook
Kadie Armstrong · Jun 2021

This short, accessible resource is a workbook to help you explore beneficial ownership. The scenarios in the workbook illustrate fictional company ownership structures, and it is designed to help you explore the extent of information disclosed when a company is required to make a beneficial ownership declaration. There are scenarios and illustrations to help you throughout.

This workbook will be useful for country implementers developing a disclosure regime, technical teams implementing data collection systems, or companies wanting to disclose their own beneficial ownership structure.

View in

English

Early impacts of public registers of beneficial ownership: United Kingdom
Chinwe Ekene Ezeigbo, Louise Russell-Prywata and Tymon Kiepe · Apr 2021

The UK was the first country in the world to commit to making beneficial ownership transparent. In 2016 it launched its public beneficial ownership – or Persons of Significant Control (PSC) – register. PSC data is widely used, and has been critical in investigations into financial crime and terrorism-related offences. This report provides details of the UK’s approach and case studies of the impact it has had.

View in

English

Integrity in IMF COVID-19 financing
Open Ownership, Open Contracting Partnership and Oxford Insights · Apr 2021

As economic crises followed the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in the early months of 2020, many governments appealed to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for financial support. The IMF released funds under emergency financing instruments and governments were asked to make commitments to introduce elements of procurement and beneficial ownership transparency. This report assesses if countries delivered on their procurement & beneficial ownership transparency commitments.

View in

English

Beneficial ownership declaration forms: Guide for regulators and designers
Open Ownership · Mar 2021

This guide introduces a number of considerations for form development, and presents a worked example of a form that addresses these issues.

View in

English

Beneficial Ownership Data Standard template
Open Ownership · Mar 2021

This spreadsheet template allows beneficial ownership information to be represented as Beneficial Ownership Data Standard (BODS) 0.2 data. Once completed, the spreadsheet can be submitted to Open Ownership’s Data Review Tool for validation and conversion to BODS JSON.

View in

English

Example Beneficial ownership declaration form
Open Ownership · Mar 2021

OO’s example disclosure form was made to demonstrate good practice in form design for collecting structured BO data in line with the Open Ownership Principles (OO Principles).

View in

English

UK's performance against the Open Ownership Principles
Open Ownership · Dec 2020

Open Ownership’s rapid assessment of the UK’s performance against the Open Ownership Principles analyses the laws, regulations, processes and data that comprise the UK’s beneficial ownership disclosure regime.

View in

English

Early impacts of public registers of beneficial ownership: Slovakia
Open Ownership · Oct 2020

Slovakia was among the first countries in the world to implement a public beneficial ownership register and is a member of the Beneficial Ownership Leadership Group. Slovakian public beneficial ownership data was used to expose alleged cases of wrongdoing. Reaching this point required the Slovakian government to overcome challenges in that process, with practical lessons for other states implementing beneficial ownership transparency. This report provides details of Slovakia’s approach and case studies of the impact it has had.

View in

English

Technical note: beneficial ownership transparency and listed companies
Jack Lord and Kadie Armstrong · Sep 2020

This technical note supports implementers of national beneficial ownership registers to reduce risks associated with exemptions from disclosure that exist for listed companies. It is not intended as an endorsement of the policy of exempting listed companies from beneficial ownership disclosure. Rather, the aim is to create actionable advice that can reduce the impact of policy loopholes and produce high quality data about listed companies in contexts where exemptions remain a reality.

View in

English

Catalysing transformative change in beneficial ownership transparency
EITI and Open Ownership · Sep 2020

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and Open Ownership (OO) are partnering to develop and deliver Opening Extractives, a new global programme to bring about transformative change in the availability and use of beneficial ownership (BO) information for effective governance of natural resources across the value chain. In order to inform the design of this programme, which the organisations have been invited to submit as a proposal to the BHP Foundation, EITI and OO conducted primary and secondary research to ensure that the assumptions upon which the programme was being designed are valid, and to collect additional evidence to complement the knowledge and experience of both organisations.

View in

English

Beneficial Ownership Transparency In Armenia: Scoping Study
Peter Low, Kadie Armstrong, Louise Russell-Prywata · Aug 2020

This report summarizes findings from Open Ownership’s scoping study into beneficial ownership transparency in Armenia in 2020. We provide a detailed assessment of Armenia’s BO regime, analysing current and planned reforms against OO’s principles of effective BO disclosure. The issues and recommendations in this report will also be relevant to other EITI countries, particularly those using sectoral disclosures as a pilot for economy-wide systems.

View in

English

Open Ownership brand guidelines
Open Ownership · Jul 2020

View in

English

Effective consultation processes for beneficial ownership transparency reform
Open Ownership · Jun 2020

Delivering improved beneficial ownership transparency is a process that should involve as many different groups as possible, from government officials to citizens and businesses. This briefing draws on OpenOwnership’s experience supporting almost 40 countries to advance beneficial ownership transparency. Throughout this work we have gained insight into how consultation can be delivered within different political, social and economic contexts. This briefing provides government implementers and actors supporting reform with general guidance on effective consultation approaches.

View in

English

Global Register
Open Ownership · May 2020

Open Ownership’s demonstration global register of beneficial ownership, combining free open data into a single source.

View in

English

Partnering with us
Open Ownership · May 2020

A summary of the services, expertise and support available to countries partnering with Open Ownership.

View in

English Español

The Open Ownership Principles
Open Ownership · May 2020

The Open Ownership Principles for effective beneficial ownership disclosure are designed to make published data more easy to use, accurate, and interoperable. These have been reached through Open Ownership’s work developing the Beneficial Ownership Data Standard and supporting almost 40 countries to advance beneficial ownership transparency.

They are available in English, Spanish and Indonesian.

View in

English Español Bahasa indonesia

Open Ownership response to Consultation on strengthening corporate beneficial ownership transparency in Canada
Open Ownership · Mar 2020

Open Ownership’s response to Canada’s Consultation on strengthening corporate beneficial ownership transparency.

View in

English

Open Ownership response to British Columbia consultation on a Public Beneficial Ownership Registry
Open Ownership · Mar 2020

Open Ownership’s contribution to the British Columbia (B.C.) consultation on a public beneficial ownership (BO) registry. This response is focused on why making the proposed BO registry public would improve its policy impact.

View in

English

Open Ownership response to BEIS consultation on Corporate Transparency and Register Reform
Open Ownership · Aug 2019

Open Ownership’s response to the UK Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), in response to its consultation on Corporate Transparency and Register Reform.

View in

English

What we really mean when we talk about verification
Open Ownership · Jun 2019

A guide to data quality and verification

View in

English

Example Paper Forms for Collecting Beneficial Ownership Data
Open Ownership · Jun 2019

This document provides example forms to guide officials tasked with developing paper forms to collect beneficial ownership information.

View in

English Español

Disclosure Principles for Beneficial Ownership Leadership Group
Zosia Sztykowski · May 2019

Declaration of national commitmentment to meet the Beneficial Ownership Transparency Disclosure Principles

A new global norm of beneficial ownership transparency

View in

English

Data Protection And Privacy In Beneficial Ownership Disclosure
Open Ownership · May 2019

This is a research report from Open Ownership, The B Team and The Engine Room in which we consider the legal implications of public beneficial ownership data to the public, evaluated from both the perspective of the companies holding that information and the authorities requiring it to be disclosed publicly, and the relationship with data protection and privacy laws.

View in

English

Beneficial Ownership Policy Reviewer
Open Ownership · May 2019

There are a number of aspects that need to be considered when designing a legal framework for beneficial ownership transparency. The Policy Reviewer works through these aspects, and guides implementers to identify specific decision points around what data is to be collected and what is to be published. The Policy Reviewer does not prescribe a particular policy approach, but is designed to help implementers to explore the relevant areas and identify legal changes required for beneficial ownership transparency.

View in

English

Privacy or public interest? Making the case for public information on company ownership
Open Ownership · Mar 2019

This is a summary of a research report from OpenOwnership, The B Team and The Engine Room in which we consider the legal implications of public beneficial ownership data to the public, evaluated from both the perspective of the companies holding that information and the authorities requiring it to be disclosed publicly, and the relationship with data protection and privacy laws.

View in

English Deutsch

Implementing beneficial ownership transparency in the Kyrgyz Republic extractives sector — findings and recommendations
Louise Russell-Prywata, Jack Lord · Mar 2019

This report summarizes findings from Open Ownership’s scoping visit to the Kyrgyz Republic in September 2018, and the research surrounding the visit. It makes recommendations for improvements to the legal and regulatory environment, business process and technical tools that will enable the Kyrgyz Republic to fulfil its policy objective and generate useful beneficial ownership data. The issues and recommendations in this report will also be relevant to other EITI countries implementing beneficial ownership transparency commitments in line with the EITI Standard.

View in

English Русский

Open Ownership Pilot Program: Summary of Methodology
Zosia Sztykowski, Louise Rusell Prywata, Francesca Baker · Jan 2019

The Open Ownership Pilot Program supports national governments to establish open beneficial ownership registers that meets policy goals — from improving the business environment to tackling corruption and money laundering. It distinguishes itself from similar programs in that support is provided in-kind, and across the the range of policy and technical issues that are involved in publishing effective, high-quality data.

This document outlines how the pilot program operates, the benefits of being involved, our priorities for selecting country partners, and the implementation journey through which we support governments to progress from commitment to effective implementation.

View in

English

Beneficial ownership transparency, privacy and data protection - IACC
Tom Walker, The Engine Room · Jan 2019

At the International Anti-Corruption Conference (IACC) in 2018 Tom Walker of The Engine Room gave a presentation on the case for beneficial ownership transparency and its relationship to privacy and data protection.

View in

English

The Beneficial Ownership Data Standard — Tools for developing good quality data
Open Ownership · Jan 2019

The Beneficial Ownership Data Standard provides a way to organise information about companies and their beneficial owners. It means that if you publish data in this format others will easily be able to understand it and computer systems will be able to process it. You can think of BODS as template into which you can place beneficial ownership information. This presentation explains more about it.

View in

English

The Beneficial Ownership Transparency Network - slides from OGP Summit 2018
Zosia Sztykowski · Aug 2018

Presentations on “What we really mean when we talk about verification?” and “Implementation steps for beneficial ownership transparency”.

View in

English

Introducing the beneficial ownership data standard - slides from the OGP Global Summit 2018
Zosia Sztykowski · Aug 2018

Collated presentations from the OpenOwnership Beneficial Ownership Data Standard workshop in Tblisi, Georgia on 16 July 2018 as part of the OGP Global Summit.

View in

English

Open Ownership Mission Statement 2018
Zosia Sztykowski · Aug 2018

Anonymously-owned companies stand in the way of better, fairer markets and a more just society. Our mission is to drive greater corporate transparency across the world by making it easy to publish and access high-quality, linked data about who owns companies. 3

Our Mission Statement sets out our vision, as well as our current strategic priorities and the key goals we want to achieve by 2020.

View in

English

Improving beneficial ownership transparency in Ukraine: Review and recommendations
Zosia Sztykowski and Tom Mayne · Mar 2018

Ukraine became the second country in the world after the United Kingdom to implement a public register of the beneficial owners of corporate entities registered in country. Laws were passed in 2014 and 2015, and a decree of the Cabinet of Ministers stipulated that this information should be published by Spring 2016.

The goal of this report is to determine the best next steps to take during an update of the companies register that is planned for 2018. This report is based on in-depth research and meetings with key officials and stakeholders in Ukraine which helped us formulate our findings.

View in

English

Learning the lessons from the UK’s public beneficial ownership register
OpenOwnership and Global Witness · Nov 2017

In 2016 the UK became one of the first countries to create a public register of the beneficial owners of companies. The UK register, called the register of Persons with Significant Control (PSC), has both demonstrated the feasibility of public registers and set new standards in publishing the data as open data, allowing others to analyse the data in bulk. While the UK register has been pioneering, there is much that can be learnt - both to improve the UK register and for others considering or establishing public beneficial ownership registers.

View in

English

Briefing: The case for public beneficial ownership registers
OpenOwnership · Jul 2017

Many jurisdictions around the world are considering implementing public registers of benefcial ownership. Here, we answer some of the most frequently asked questions by policymakers and implementers about public benefcial ownership data.

View in

English

Briefing: The case for beneficial ownership as open data
Open Ownership · Jul 2017

Open data is digital “structured” or “machine-readable” data that is “made available with the technical and legal characteristics necessary for it to be freely used, reused, and redistributed by anyone, anytime, anywhere.” In other words, any user of open beneficial ownership data should be able to access the data, search it freely and/or download it as structured data – for example, a .csv file that can be imported into Excel – , and use it for any purpose.

Inherent in this definition is that the data should be accessible to the public, which we cover in another briefing (“The case for public beneficial ownership data”). Here, we briefly cover the benefits of publishing beneficial ownership as structured data.

View in

English