The utility of BO data is enhanced when the data is available in a structured format. This allows the data to be easily analysed and linked with other datasets, enhancing the data’s ability to expose transnational networks of illicit financial flows and support effective and timely due diligence. When BO data is structured and interoperable it is also easier to verify, as a greater range of verification mechanisms can be used. The Beneficial Ownership Data Standard (BODS) is a template for publishing structured data about BO in a format (JSON) that can be read and understood by computer systems around the world.
When data is machine readable and available in bulk, multiple declarations can be analysed together. This allows users such as Financial Intelligence Units and other government departments such as procurement agencies, banks, and journalists to apply data science and machine learning techniques to identify suspicious patterns of ownership or beneficial owners that appear on other datasets of interest (for example, sanctions lists). Where the private sector and civil society have access to BO data in bulk, evidence shows that innovations can drive development of new due diligence products and identification of potential corruption cases. Data should be available in machine-readable, bulk format, free of charge. Implementers can also consider making the data available through other modes, such as an Application Programming Interface (API).
This OO Principle is particularly relevant in the following aspects of implementation. These correspond to steps in our Implementation Guide.
This document provides example forms to guide officials tasked with developing paper forms to collect beneficial ownership information.
This policy briefing outlines the main ways beneficial ownership data can improve public procurement processes and objectives, and discusses some of the key considerations and decisions that implementers face.
It is available in English, Spanish and Indonesian.
This spreadsheet template allows beneficial ownership information to be represented as Beneficial Ownership Data Standard (BODS) 0.2 data. Once completed, the spreadsheet can be submitted to Open Ownership’s Data Review Tool for validation and conversion to BODS JSON.
This guide introduces a number of considerations for form development, and presents a worked example of a form that addresses these issues.